IloveIndia

Figures of Speech IloveIndia








Verbs are the building blocks of any language. They describe action, occurrence or state and are an important part of speech. There are different types of verbs which serve various purposes. Read on!

Types Of Verbs

A verb is a part of speech that describes an action, occurrence or indicates a state of being. A verb can be defined by what it does more than by what it is. It is the most important part of a sentence as it asserts something about the subject, linking it to the predicate. Unlike most of the other parts of speech, verbs change their form by adding endings like 'ed', 'ing' etc; Sometimes the word becomes different from its original self like teach and taught. One of the most important things about verbs is their relationship with time. They can tell you if something has already happened or will happen later or is happening now. They encode tense, aspect, mood and voice. A verb also sometimes agrees to a number of other arguments like person or gender. There are many different kinds of verbs that move sentences in a variety of ways. Go through the ways in which this important part of speech can be classified into.

Different Types Of Verbs
There are many ways of classifying verbs.

Auxiliary Verbs & Lexical Verbs
Auxiliary verbs - The auxiliary verb, also called a helping verb, determines the mood or tense of another verb in the phrase. The primary auxiliaries are 'be', 'have' and 'do'. Modal auxiliary verbs include can, could, may, must, should, will and would. They combine with other verbs to indicate mood or tense. For e.g.,
  • A wise man will make more opportunities than he finds.
  • I did not invent Irish dancing.
Lexical Verbs - A lexical verb, in English is any verb which is not an auxiliary verb. It conveys a real meaning and doesn't depend on another verb. For e.g.,
  • It rained all night.
  • Susan Raymond rested in the shadow of a canyon oak tree
Dynamic Verbs & Stative verbs
Dynamic Verb - A dynamic verb is a verb used to indicate an action, process or sensation as opposed to state. They have duration and they occur over time. For e.g.,
  • We don't grow older, we grow riper.
  • John plays soccer every Saturday.
Stative Verb - In contrast to a dynamic verb which describes action or process, a stative verb describes a state or situation. They can signify cognitive, emotional and physical states. For e.g.,
  • I hate quotations. Tell me what you know.
  • The future belongs to those who believe in the beauty of their dreams.
Finite Verbs & Non-Finite Verbs
Finite Verb - A finite verb shows agreement with a subject and expresses tense. It can occur on its own in a main clause. It is the main verb in the sentence which can show tense or plurality. For e.g.,
  • I drive a car. [1st person, singular, present tense]
  • He drives a car. [3rd person, singular. present tense]
  • I/he drove a car. [1st and 3rd person, singular, past tense]
Non-Finite Verb - A non-finite verb does not show distinction in tense and it cannot stand alone as the main verb in a sentence. It can occur on its own only in a dependant phrase or clause. It needs to be combined with an auxiliary verb. For e.g.,
  • While walking to school, she spotted a blue jay.
  • The talking children angered the teacher.
Regular Verbs & Irregular Verbs
Regular verb - A regular verb (also known as a weak verb) forms its past tense and past participle by adding -d or -ed (or in some cases -t) to the base form. For e.g.,
  • We finished the project.
  • I've searched all the parks in all the cities and found no burnt statues.
Irregular verb - An irregular verb (also known as a strong verb) doesn't form the past tense by adding -d or -ed. They are not that simple. For e.g.,
  • I wear a cap. (present)
  • I wore a cap. (past)
  • I have worn a cap. (past participle)
Transitive Verbs & Intransitive Verbs
Transitive verb - A transitive verb is followed by a direct object. The verb has its action conveyed to the object. For e.g.,
  • The teacher answered the question.
  • The student ran for life.
Intransitive verb - An intransitive verb doesn't take a direct object or subject attribute in the sentence. Many verbs have both transitive and intransitive verbs depending on how they are used. For e.g.,
  • Do not tremble in fear but become strong and courageous instead.
These were some of the basic classification of verbs. Further than that, verbs can also be deemed as:

Causative Verbs: It is a kind of verb which indicates that a subject causes something to happen and that somebody/something is indirectly responsible for that action. A causative verb uses cause, allow, help, have, enable, keep, hold, let, force, require, and make sometimes in conjunction with another verb. For e.g.,
  • Art is the lie that enables us to realize the truth.
Catenative Verbs: Catenative means chaining and such verbs are verbs that can be followed within the same clause by another verb. Verbs such as keep, promise, want, seem, etc and many others, link with other verbs to form a chain or series. For e.g.,
  • She seems to want to stop trying to avoid meeting him.
Copular Verbs: A verb that links a subject to the complement that refers to the subject. The most important copula verbs are 'to be' and 'to become'. Other copular verbs which have the sense to be or to become are appear, feel, get, go, keep, grow, lie, look, prove, remain, resemble, run, seem, smell, sound, stay, taste, turn. For e.g.,
  • That soup smells delicious.
Performative Verbs: Verbs such as promise, invite, apologize, and forbid, that explicitly convey the kind of speech act being performed is a performative verb. For e.g.,
  • As your president, I would demand a science-fiction library.
Aforementioned is a rather broad categorization of verbs. These important parts of speech have been broken down to a lot of sub-categories but their action remain more or less the same - to express action, state or occurrence of an event or subject.



blt1Adjunction Examples
blt1Allegory Examples
blt1Alliteration Examples
blt1Allusion Examples
blt1Anadiplosis Examples
blt1Analogy Examples
blt1Anaphora Examples
blt1Anastrophe Examples
blt1Antecedent Examples
blt1Anticlimax Examples
blt1Antimetabole Examples
blt1Antithesis Examples
blt1Antonomasia Examples
blt1Apostrophes Examples
blt1Appositive Examples
blt1Assonance Examples
blt1Asyndeton Examples
blt1Chiasmus Examples
blt1Climax Examples
blt1Consonance Examples
blt1Double Negative Examples
blt1Enthymeme Examples
blt1Epistrophe Examples
blt1Epithet Examples
blt1Euphemism Examples
blt1False Analogy Examples
blt1Funny Metaphors Examples
blt1Hyperbole Examples
blt1Idiom Examples
blt1Imagery Examples
blt1Irony Examples
blt1Jargon Examples
blt1Examples Of Litotes
blt1Metaphor Examples
blt1Metonymy Examples
blt1Onomatopoeia Examples
blt1Oxymoron Examples
blt1Palindrome Examples
blt1Paralipsis Examples
blt1Parallelism Examples
blt1Parenthesis Examples
blt1Personification Examples
blt1Polysyndeton Examples
blt1Pun Examples
blt1Rhetorical Questions Examples
blt1Simile Examples
blt1Stereotypes Examples
blt1Symbolism Examples
blt1Synecdoche Examples
blt1Tautology Examples
blt1Understatement Examples
blt1Verbal Irony Examples
blt1Zeugma Examples
blt1Abstract Nouns Examples
blt1Commonly Misspelled Words
blt1Types Of Verbs
blt1Usage Of Semicolon
blt1Demonstrative Adjectives
blt1Comma Splice Examples
blt1Usage Of Colon
blt1Apostrophe Usage
blt1Helping Verbs
blt1List of Prepositions
blt1Parts Of Speech
blt1What Are Prepositions
blt1What Is A Noun
blt1Whom Vs Who
blt1Types Of Adjectives
blt1Types Of Sentences
blt1Types Of Tenses
blt1What Are Adjectives
blt1What Are Adverbs
blt1What Is A Predicate
blt1What Is A Pronoun
blt1Ensure Vs Insure
blt1Empathy Vs Sympathy
blt1Degrees of Comparison
blt1Dangling Modifiers
blt1Compliment Vs Complement
blt1Common Homophones List
blt1Common Grammatical Errors
blt1Colon Vs Semicolon
blt1Affect Vs Effect
blt1Linking Verbs
blt1Prepositional Phrases List
blt1Types of Clauses
blt1Use Of Articles In English
blt1When To Use A Comma
blt1When To Use A Hyphen
blt1Passive Voice & Active Voice
blt1Subject Verb Agreement



More from iloveindia.com