Figures of Speech IloveIndia
Even the most prolific of writers, at times, can be guilty of grammatical errors. Explore this section for information on common grammatical errors in English.

Common Grammatical Errors

When it comes to the English language, it is considerably difficult for a person to be correct all of the time. The language by itself is a tricky mess but, if mastered, can prove to be a walk in the park or a piece of cake even. For example, the words 'know' and 'no' are pronounced the same way, but have two very different meanings. Similarly, the words 'their' and 'there' have two different meanings but are pronounced the same way. Such examples are just the tip of an iceberg that can be intimidating and large. However, there are ways of getting the better of this predicament. What needs to be done is place a finger on commonly committed mistakes. Once commonly committed mistakes are noticed, chipping away at the rough edges becomes relatively easier. Not to mention, it is these common errors that make up for most of the errors that even the seasoned writers make and the list does not stop at similar sounding words; it goes on all the way further to include punctuations, spellings and even more. Read on to discover information on some of the most commonly committed grammatical errors. Correcting yourself, as far as these mistakes go, should help you get more proficient with English.

English Grammatical Errors

Its Vs. It's

Now this is the kind of mistake that can be noticed almost everywhere. And with relative awareness being built around this error, it is becoming less and less common every day. The confusion lies between the use of the apostrophe and when the need to differentiate between 'it is' and 'it's' arises. The marker for possession comes in the form of 'its'. The purpose of using 'its' can be related to the purpose behind using 'his' or 'her'. 'It's' on the other hand is nothing but the coming together of two separate words, namely, 'it' and 'is'. Ensure that you use 'its' where it is required and 'it's' where it is required too.

Loose Vs. Lose
Think about this one; you may already have been guilty of committing such an error. 'Loose' has an extra 'o', it means that something is unsteady or short of grip. On the other hand, 'lose' is just a variant of lost and means that whoever it is that sentence is talking about, has tasted defeat or has lost something. Once the difference between these two words has been discovered, chances of committing the mistake again are nil.

Affect Vs. Effect
When you look at it from the surface, it may seem almost impossible to get the better of this mistake but when you scratch the surface, the difference between the two is pretty easy to figure out. In simple terms, 'affect' is a verb which means 'to influence' while, 'effect' is a noun which means that something has happened as a result of any particular happening.

The Dreaded Apostrophe
Apostrophes can be used in three ways with all three being completely different or mutually exclusive of each other.
The Use Of Etc.
The importance of stressing on the right use of 'etc.' cannot be overhyped. It all begins with people coming up with a list of things and saying 'and etc'. The using of etc. in such a manner is wrong. To be more specific: He bought himself a shirt, a pair of shoes, a pair of pants and etc. The mistake is more than evident. 'Etc.' is short for the Latin word 'et cetera' and means 'and so forth'. It needs to be used in a very specific way; a way in which there is not 'and' before the word. Here's the example.

Now that you are done with all of the above, it shouldn't be too difficult for you to get out of the weeds. English can be tricky; there are no doubts about that, but when you figure out the underlying reasons behind your mistakes, it should be a breeze. Your learning curve will only improve when you correct your mistakes; just ensure that you don't repeat these mistakes ever again. Step by step, you will soon be on the way to perfection. A word of caution: The information you just went through is only about general mistakes and is not specific in nature but, it can help you discover where you are most prone to committing mistakes.