Figures of Speech IloveIndia
Verbs are the building blocks of any language. They describe action, occurrence or state and are an important part of speech. There are different types of verbs which serve various purposes. Read on!

Types Of Verbs

A verb is a part of speech that describes an action, occurrence or indicates a state of being. A verb can be defined by what it does more than by what it is. It is the most important part of a sentence as it asserts something about the subject, linking it to the predicate. Unlike most of the other parts of speech, verbs change their form by adding endings like 'ed', 'ing' etc; Sometimes the word becomes different from its original self like teach and taught. One of the most important things about verbs is their relationship with time. They can tell you if something has already happened or will happen later or is happening now. They encode tense, aspect, mood and voice. A verb also sometimes agrees to a number of other arguments like person or gender. There are many different kinds of verbs that move sentences in a variety of ways. Go through the ways in which this important part of speech can be classified into.

Different Types Of Verbs
There are many ways of classifying verbs.

Auxiliary Verbs & Lexical Verbs
Auxiliary verbs - The auxiliary verb, also called a helping verb, determines the mood or tense of another verb in the phrase. The primary auxiliaries are 'be', 'have' and 'do'. Modal auxiliary verbs include can, could, may, must, should, will and would. They combine with other verbs to indicate mood or tense. For e.g.,
Lexical Verbs - A lexical verb, in English is any verb which is not an auxiliary verb. It conveys a real meaning and doesn't depend on another verb. For e.g.,
Dynamic Verbs & Stative verbs
Dynamic Verb - A dynamic verb is a verb used to indicate an action, process or sensation as opposed to state. They have duration and they occur over time. For e.g.,
Stative Verb - In contrast to a dynamic verb which describes action or process, a stative verb describes a state or situation. They can signify cognitive, emotional and physical states. For e.g.,
Finite Verbs & Non-Finite Verbs
Finite Verb - A finite verb shows agreement with a subject and expresses tense. It can occur on its own in a main clause. It is the main verb in the sentence which can show tense or plurality. For e.g.,
Non-Finite Verb - A non-finite verb does not show distinction in tense and it cannot stand alone as the main verb in a sentence. It can occur on its own only in a dependant phrase or clause. It needs to be combined with an auxiliary verb. For e.g.,
Regular Verbs & Irregular Verbs
Regular verb - A regular verb (also known as a weak verb) forms its past tense and past participle by adding -d or -ed (or in some cases -t) to the base form. For e.g.,
Irregular verb - An irregular verb (also known as a strong verb) doesn't form the past tense by adding -d or -ed. They are not that simple. For e.g.,
Transitive Verbs & Intransitive Verbs
Transitive verb - A transitive verb is followed by a direct object. The verb has its action conveyed to the object. For e.g.,
Intransitive verb - An intransitive verb doesn't take a direct object or subject attribute in the sentence. Many verbs have both transitive and intransitive verbs depending on how they are used. For e.g.,
These were some of the basic classification of verbs. Further than that, verbs can also be deemed as:

Causative Verbs: It is a kind of verb which indicates that a subject causes something to happen and that somebody/something is indirectly responsible for that action. A causative verb uses cause, allow, help, have, enable, keep, hold, let, force, require, and make sometimes in conjunction with another verb. For e.g.,
Catenative Verbs: Catenative means chaining and such verbs are verbs that can be followed within the same clause by another verb. Verbs such as keep, promise, want, seem, etc and many others, link with other verbs to form a chain or series. For e.g.,
Copular Verbs: A verb that links a subject to the complement that refers to the subject. The most important copula verbs are 'to be' and 'to become'. Other copular verbs which have the sense to be or to become are appear, feel, get, go, keep, grow, lie, look, prove, remain, resemble, run, seem, smell, sound, stay, taste, turn. For e.g.,
Performative Verbs: Verbs such as promise, invite, apologize, and forbid, that explicitly convey the kind of speech act being performed is a performative verb. For e.g.,
Aforementioned is a rather broad categorization of verbs. These important parts of speech have been broken down to a lot of sub-categories but their action remain more or less the same - to express action, state or occurrence of an event or subject.